What type of euthanasia occurs here? Was the physician euthanizing Marty moral (right) or immoral (wrong)?
Case: Marty has brain cancer. He was diagnosed with it three months ago. Since then, he has deteriorated and now finds himself contained to a hospital. Chemotherapy treatments have done little but to sustain Marty’s existence. He experiences excruciating pain, suffering, and agony day to day. Marty’s physician has determined that the cancer will kill him. One day, Marty and his physician discuss end of life decisions. Marty tells his physician that he doesn’t want extraordinary measures to be used to keep him alive. Without having other family, Marty entrusts the physician with this decision. The next day, complications arise, and Marty falls into an unresponsive state, requiring life-sustaining treatment to be put in place. Days later, the physician determines recovery is not possible. As a result, the physician removes Marty’s life support, thereby ending his life. Questions: What type of euthanasia occurs here? Was the physician euthanizing Marty moral (right) or immoral (wrong)? For question #1, consider the action done and the patient’s status. Give reasons for your answer. For question #2, *you must pick one position (NOT both) and defend it using two different moral theories.* Show how each moral theory, in light of the facts of the case, lets you reach your conclusion. Do NOT resort to opinion, belief, or speculation. You must give a philosophical, moral argument. Possible Moral Theories: Utilitarianism, Kantianism, Natural Law, Contract Theory, Virtue Ethics, Ethics of Care, Feminist Ethics Note: Your paper should be your own argument. You may take inspiration from other authors from Ch. 10 in forming your own position, or use them to clarify a certain issue – but NOT as your main argument.