Chapter 8—The Juvenile Court Process
- The juvenile court process is similar to the adult court process, but the terms used in juvenile court are more euphemistic. Detention is one of the terms. What is a detention of a youth in custody?
- What is the difference between secure and non-secure detention?
- What are alternatives to detention in the juvenile court system?
- The next step in the juvenile court process is called the intake decision. What is the intake decision?
- What is an informal adjustment at intake? What are some of the options for informal adjustment or diversion of the youth at intake?
- The next step in the process is called “filing a petition.” Who makes the initial decision to file a petition? Is this the final word on whether a petition will be filed?
- What is a waiver or transfer of a juvenile? What is a legislative waiver?
- For those juveniles not sent to adult criminal court, the next steps after the filing of a petition are adjudication and disposition. What happens at this stage?
- Are jury trials guaranteed to juveniles?
- What is a blended sentence?
Chapter 9—Due Process and Juveniles
- Briefly identify the U.S. Supreme Court findings in the case of Kent v United States (1966).
- Briefly identify the U.S. Supreme Court findings in the case of In re Gault.
- Briefly identify the U.S. Supreme Court findings in the case of In re Winship.
- Briefly identify the U.S. Supreme Court findings in the case of Fare v. Michael C.
- What was the Supreme Court’s decision in the case of Schall v. Martin (1984)?
- What is the status of corporal punishment in public schools? What is the case decision in this area?
- Generally, what are the free speech rights of students while in school?
Another school issue is the First Amendment right to freedom of speech.
- What have the courts said regarding the constitutionality of Juvenile Curfew Laws?
- What is the status of privacy and freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures on a school campus?
- Is there any empirical data to support raising the legal drinking age to 21 when it comes to driving while intoxicated?
Chapter 10—Institutional/Residential Interventions
- What are state training schools?
- What are juvenile boot camps (aka shock incarceration)? What does the data show with regard to the effectiveness of these programs?
- With regard to program effectiveness overall, identify the interventions which have been successful insofar as the data are concern.
- How significant are mental health disorders among juveniles in the juvenile justice system?
- How serious is juvenile suicide within juvenile detention facilities?
- What do we know about the institutional life of youthful offenders?
- Why have some states begun to deinstitutionalize?
- What are Wilderness Programs and how effective have they been?
- Going to NCJRS.org and using the keywords abuse and delinquency, please read at least four articles that link juvenile delinquency to abuse either physical or sexual. [My initial search brought up over 500 “hits”]. Write a one page critique of your views of the research. How does the impact of child abuse [physical and/or sexual] and neglect connect to the child committing violence or even status offenses? What are some of the suggestions for prevention or intervention that the research recommends? Include the URLs or titles of research so others can read the original research. Post your responses to the threaded discussion. We will be reading and commenting on these topics during the course of the week.