The diploma work and the thesis /hereinafter: dissertation/ is a study based on independent professional work. The student chooses its topic from the valid list of the thesis-topics from the fields of health sciences taught in the Faculty and prepares the dissertation under the guidance of a theme-leader /consultant/. The dissertation will reflect – in different depths and ways on bachelor, master and postgraduate levels – the student’s knowledge about the related Hungarian and international special literature, his/her ability to form an expert’s opinion, skills for basic level scientific investigation and research, capability to interpret the found results and also his/her writing skills. The dissertation will present a professionally assessable new result either in exploring or interpreting facts and thus it will document that the student has acquired and is able to apply the theoretical means and methods of the given field of science. In the case of postgraduate specialist training courses, the department responsible for the training programme may prescribe other genre features. The dissertation has to meet the formal requirements set for scientific publications of the given science field. The diploma work and the thesis must be an independent, individually prepared piece of work, which fact will be recorded in the student’s ’Declaration of Originality’.
I. Genre Features of Dissertation The co-existence of healthcare-related professional knowledge and practical experience acquired in the course of training is to be shown in the dissertation. Its language must be clear, concise, and grammatically correct. It should expose – in accordance with the aim of the research – the particular problem or group of problems within the chosen subject as precisely as possible. The dissertation should not give an autotelic, formal review on the special literature. Depending on the topic – when it is required – special attention should be paid to the authentic, in-context evocation and clash of viewpoints so that the dissertation as a whole and the section summing up the new results manifest that the student is well-read and able to form his/her independent opinion on the topic. Furthermore, the possibilities of practical application of the chosen topic and the acquired new knowledge are also expected to be emphasized in the dissertation and the way the performed research connects with the student’s chosen healthcare profession. 4 The preparation of the dissertation aims to provide experience also in research. That’s why it is advisable for the student to choose a subject he/she is really interested in and can easily find an access to in the course of his/her work or in his/her surroundings. The researched topic should not cover the whole subject-matter but rather a well-defined subject area about which the student will give a coherent and thorough analysis both in its depths and context. He/she should define the research objectives conceivably, formulate complex but not too general hypotheses and give adequate time to the preparation. In the analysis the student should endeavour to discover all relevant connections. The harmonisation of theory, research and conclusion is of highest importance since it will give the coherence of the dissertation. When choosing among the possible methods, the student should be brave and constructive to find the most adequate one for the theme and for the student’s personality. The consultant will take part in this work as an experienced co-researcher who can be relied on in each phrase of work starting from the theoretical foundation through the analysis to drawing the conclusions and who also helps the student by ’thinking together’. The dissertation is an essay – an analysing and/or interpreting prosaic piece of work written in the language of special literature on a high level. Its language should be concise, intelligible, and grammatically correct. The student should compose his/her thoughts precisely and in an exact way, while using well-structured sentences. The essay is composed with a mentality specific to the author, reflects the author’s opinion but is based on scientific knowledge and information gathered by means of scientific methods. The dissertation will obtain scientific information from two sources: the already existing knowledge elaborated and published by others information obtained, discovered and formed/created by the author. 5 II. Recommended Structure of Dissertation l. Title page 2. Contents 3. Abstract both in Hungarian and in English/German 4. Introduction 5. Antecedents, background information. Theoretical background of the dissertation, definition of concepts 6. Empirical, practice-related analysis, research 6. l. Aims of the research 6.2. Topic of the research 6.3. Hypotheses 6.4. Introduction of the chosen methods 6.5. Presentation of sampling, sample description 6.6. Results, statements 7. Discussion, assessment, interpretation 8. Conclusions: introduction of the short, summarizing situation report of the analysed situation, presentation of future trends, applications, utilisation, other opportunities 9. Suggestions 10. Summing up, summary 11. References 12. Appendices 13. Acknowledgements 14. Clause NB: Not every research subject and chosen method requires all the listed sections. The abovedescribed structure is only a recommendation, orientation and is not an expectation in every case. E.g. Hypotheses would be senseless in a historical examination but they are obligatory in laboratory or sociological researches based on statistical measurements. Information on the Sections of Dissertation II.1. Title Page Pieces of information to be included in the outer and inner cover-pages are described among the requirements of format /Chapter 3/. 6 II.2. Contents The dissertation will be transparent and easy to handle when the contents are at the beginning the structure of chapters and sub-chapters are clearly shown by their breaking-up there are not too many levels, and the page-numbers correspond to those in the chapters numbering the pages starts at chapter ’Introduction’ and the chapter ’Summary’ goes to the last separate page of the body text. It is the last task in the course of preparing the dissertation. II.3. Abstract Both in Hungarian and in English/German Languages it is a description with max. 250 words that introduces the subject of the dissertation and the elements of the independent research it should be well-structured in accordance with the main structural elements of the dissertation summary both in Hungarian and in English/German, and a version with keywords should also be prepared. II.4. Introduction The importance of the topic is to be presented here with reference to the Hungarian and international data, laws, regulations if needed. The reasons for personal interest can also be explained here. Its volume is about 2-3 pages, including motivation for choosing the topic, precisely defined problem-raising, precisely described topic, objectives, description of the researched subject area, hypotheses or short, precise formulation of scientific questions, placing the work among the previous and on-going researches, to what extend it connects with or possibly differs from them, general description of the methods. Its title should adequately express the subject. 7 II.5. Antecedents, Background Information. Theoretical Background, Definitions of Concepts This chapter will contain – in 10-15 pages and based on Hungarian and international special literature – the history of scientific processing of the subject, the essence of previous statements related to the subject. Very important: In a scientific piece of work the special literature background involves the scientific and not the administrative or other elaboration of the subject. The basic concepts are defined here by introducing the results of different fields of science, each statement and concept that are mentioned in the practice-related analysing section should be explained here, theoretical basis, definitions on which the student will build his /her research are to be expounded here, possible statistic data /not the student’s ones/ can be assessed, compared, documents needed for the topic can be analysed, works of special literature can be compared, analysed and synthesized in this chapter, and new, modern ideas can also be presented here. It is important that the theoretical foundations should serve for the foundation, theoretical and methodological preparation of the chosen topic and the student’s own research. It should not be general and meaningless from the point of the concrete research. The subject-matter of courses can be used but not referred to. The introduction of the special literature background should not be about the taught material, it should contain at least 15 new professional references, at least 5 of which should be international. In genre, the majority of references should be articles published in specialist journals. Only published sources checked for accuracy can be referred to. Articles accepted to be published are exemptions, they can be marked as numbered literature (with in press marking). References to books, studies listed in the section ’References’ are required to be precise and correct. Only sources that are referred to can be included in the case of the latter. The title of the chapter should be in harmony with the subject of the topic.