Requesting assistance for Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis

I’m studying for my Accounting class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Part A

Wilson Company sells lawn ornaments (rocks) with university athletic logos.The selling price of each lawn ornament is $25.00.The variable costs associated with each lawn ornament are $15.00 and the fixed costs for the company are $100,000 per year.Ignore income taxes.

Required

  • How many lawn ornaments does Wilson need to sell in order to break even?
  • Determine the dollar amount of sales that Wilson needs to make to generate a profit of $150,000.
  • Prepare a contribution margin income statement for the year assuming that Wilson sold 25,000 lawn ornaments.
  • Calculate the margin of safety in dollars assuming the company expects sales consistent with selling 25,000 lawn ornaments.
  • The company is considering purchasing a machine to automate the production of lawn ornaments.Fixed costs will increase by $50,000 and variable costs will decrease by $7.50 per lawn ornament.Should the company pursue the purchase of the machine?Show calculations to support your decision.

Part B

Bearcat Paws produces two sizes of Christmas Ornaments.The selling prices and variable costs are as follows:

Small

Large

Selling price per ornament

$8.00

$20.00

Variable cost per ornament

4.00

8.00

The company sells three small Christmas ornaments for every large Christmas ornament.

The contribution margin income statement for the year ended December 31, 2015 follows:

Sales revenue

$225,000

Variable costs

90,000

Contribution margin

135,000

Fixed costs

75,000

Profit

$60,000

Required

  • Calculate the weighted average contribution margin per unit for Bearcat Paws.
  • Determine the break-even point in units.
  • Determine the number small and the number of large ornaments that would need to be produced at the break-even point.

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