PSYC 325 Final Exam Answers Short Essay Questions 1. Discuss medial temporal lobe amnesia,..

PSYC 325 Final Exam Answers
Short Essay Questions

  1. Discuss medial temporal lobe amnesia, emphasizing the cases of H.M. and R.B. What have we learned from the study of this disorder?
  2. Compare the following three theories of cerebral asymmetry: the analytic-synthetic theory, the motor theory, and the linguistic theory. Describe relevant evidence, and reach a conclusion.
  3. Identify three areas of the brain that are involved in the regulation of sleep. What is thought to be the function of each area? Be sure to describe the evidence that has implicated them
  4. Compare and contrast Parkinson’s disease and Huntington’s disease.
  5. Describe and discuss two important ideas that have emerged from research on the effects of stress on health. Explain the research that led to each idea and why it is important.

In one test commonly used to study medial-temporal-lobe amnesia in macaque monkeys,
A.the sample appears over the central food well during the test phase of each trial.
B.food is available under both objects during the test phase of each trial.
C.food is available under the nonsample object during the test phase of each trial.
D.no food is available during the sample-presentation phase of each trial.
Which of the following tasks is commonly used to study the spatial abilities of rats?
A.Morris water maze
B.radial-arm maze
C.Mumby box
D.both A and B
Because H.M.’s surgery seemed to disrupt only those retrograde memories acquired shortly before his surgery, it was once widely believed that the hippocampus
A.stores most long-term memories.
B.stores all long-term memories.
C.temporarily stores memories before they are transferred to a more permanent storage site.
D.stores spatial memories.
The hypothetical neural mechanism in humans that continuously assesses patterns of events and tries to make sense of them is termed the
A.right-hemisphere interpreter.
B.left-hemisphere interpreter.
C.right prefrontal lobe.
D.left prefrontal lobe.
The strongest evidence for the linguistic theory of cerebral asymmetry comes from the study of
A.deaf people who use American Sign Language and subsequently suffer unilateral brain damage.
B.split-brain deaf people.
C.deaf monkeys with unilateral brain damage.
D.split-brain people with right-hemisphere damage.