Platos ideal form of government may not have much appeal for a democratic society and was attacked by Karl Popper as a pernicious idea leading to totalitarianism. Do you see any advantages of his idea in relation to democracy? any disadvantages? 100 words see attached
From Plato’s Republic (433a – 434c), Tr. Benjamin Jowett [Plato maps out his ideal society (utopia) and ideal form of government in the Republic. Here Socrates is again in dialogue, this time with Glaucon, on the issue of defining justice. For Plato, the rules, those with political power, should become rulers on the basis of their merit, talent, and accomplishment. This meritocracy contrasts with the other forms of government he outlines in the Republic: timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, and tyranny. Plato’s meritocracy is akin to aristocracy, where a small class of ruling elite makes all of the political decisions. In this passage, Plato (in the voice of Socrates) is defining justice as each person doing what she does best.] Socrates: Well then, tell me, I said, whether I am right or not: You remember the original principle which we were always laying down at the foundation of the State, that one man should practice one thing only, the thing to which his nature was best adapted;—now justice is this principle or a part of it. Glaucon: Yes, we often said that one man should do one thing only. So: Further, we affirmed that justice was doing one’s own business, and not being a busybody; we said so again and again, and many others have said the same to us. Yes, we said so. Then to do one’s own business in a certain way may be assumed to be justice. Can you tell me whence I derive this inference? I cannot, but I should like to be told. Because I think that this is the only virtue which remains in the State when the other virtues of temperance and courage and wisdom are abstracted; and, that this is the ultimate cause and condition of the existence of all of them, and while remaining in them is also their preservative; and we were saying that if the three were discovered by us, justice would be the fourth or remaining one. That follows of necessity. If we are asked to determine which of these four qualities by its presence contributes…http://nursingmodules.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/logo-300x60.png 0 0 prince http://nursingmodules.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/logo-300x60.png prince2021-01-31 06:53:192021-01-31 06:53:19Platos ideal form of government may not have much appeal for a democratic society and was..