Chapter 11—Juvenile Probation and Community Corrections
- What is a social history investigation?
- What is juvenile aftercare supervision?
- What is the balanced approach to juvenile corrections?
- The research on correctional interventions for juveniles indicates that there are 8 areas that are successful. What are these 8 areas as defined in Box 11.3?
- What is meant by goal confusion with regard to juvenile offenders?
Chapter 12—Restorative Justice
- What is restorative justice?
- What is dispute resolution? What are the components of dispute resolution?
- Victim-Offender Mediation (VOM) which is also referred to as victim-offender reconciliation programs (VORP) is a direct outgrowth of the early dispute resolution/dispute mediation programs of the early 1970s. What are the goals of VOM/VORP programs?
- Variations of VOM are Family Group Conferencing (FGC), Neighborhood Reparative Boards (NRBs) and Peacemaking Circles. What are the slight differences among these?
- What are some of the problems/issues with regard to Restorative Justice?
Chapter 13—The Victimization of Juveniles
- According to the most recent data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), what can be said generally about the victimization of juveniles between the ages of 12 and 19 for Blacks, Whites, and females?
The following are data from the NCVS for 2008.
- Where are most juveniles victimized and why?
- According to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) from 2009, what can we conclude about the victimization of children in all reported categories?
- What does research show with regard to victimization being brought on by the victim him or herself? Explain.
- What are the three theories to explain child maltreatment? List and briefly explain each of them.
- What is child protective services? What did the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974 accomplish?
- What is a Court Appointed Special Advocate (CASA) or Guardian ad litem?
- What are some of the steps that the criminal courts have taken to protect child witnesses who must testify?
- What are domestic relations courts?
Chapter 14—Future Directions in Juvenile Justice
- What is meant by “Rehabilitating the Rehabilitative Parens Patriae Court?”
- Explain what is meant by “A Criminalized Juvenile Court”
- What benefits, if any, would accrue from abolishing the juvenile courts?
- Noriega suggests the creation of a new juvenile court with two branches? What does he envision?
- Butts offers the idea of a “Youth Justice System” within Adult Criminal Court. What would Butts’ court look like?
- Bennett and Sommers believe that two major cause of juvenile delinquency are “The Role of the Familty and Character Education.” Explain in detail what Bennet and Sommers posit in their arguments. Do you agree?
- What is the status of juveniles with regard to the death penalty?