Begin an annotated bibliography of the articles that you are reviewing. Note all the important sections of the article, as illustrated in the sample above. Also, note not only the articles that you plan to use, but also any article that you read. Be sure to note at the end of the article how useful the article may be for your literature review.
Include the five articles you reviewed in Week 3 and find an additional ten so that there is a total of 15 articles in this version of your Annotated Bibliography. Add a one-page paper that reflects your experiences with note-taking and research tools. Identify those that include features you would like to use and which one, if any, you have adopted for your own use.
Please note that the same rules for a citation that apply to other documents (such as proper paraphrasing and the use of quotation marks where necessary) apply to annotated bibliographies as well. It is not acceptable to cut and paste from the abstract or the body of an article. Rather, you are expected to read the article completely and appropriately paraphrase the necessary material. For those few situations where paraphrasing is not acceptable, then the material that has not been paraphrased needs to be placed in quotation marks. Please refer to the Northcentral University Integrity Policy and tutorial for more information on this.
Length: at least 15 research articles
Your annotated bibliography should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts that are presented in the course and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards.
Topic for Research Review
May 11, 2019
When I started looking for the perfect topic for my research review, I knew that I wanted something that I could tie my prior military experience into. When I went into the American Psychological Association website and into the Topics section, I found the topic labeled “Law and Psychology.” After searching through this topic and into other “tags” within this topic, I have decided that I would like my topic to be Forensic Psychology in Military Courts.
Forensic Psychology in Military Courts
There are three topics that I think should be covered with this topic: Key differences in civilian and military legal parameters in conducting evaluations, procedures for effectively performing, consulting, and testifying about evaluation results at court-martials, and ethical concerns in the delivery of forensic services. I want to provide a comprehensive review of the many valuable roles that psychologists can play in courts-martial and how they can collaborate with military attorneys to make effective trial teams. Even though psychologists are becoming increasingly important in military trials, many are unfamiliar with the unique nature of this system. Likewise, lawyers often do not know how to effectively utilize psychologists’ expertise.
Ethical challenges for psychology in the justice system. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.apadivisions.org/division-41/publications/newsletters/news/2016/02/legal
Military Justice Fact Sheet. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.hqmc.marines.mil/Portals/135/MJFACTSHTS.html
Ritchie, Elspeth. (2019). MILITARY FORENSIC MENTAL HEALTH.
Stein, C. T., &Younggren, J. N. (2019). Forensic psychology in military courts. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Palm Beach State College
May 22, 2019
Picture yourself out running errands, on your way home from work or school, and you’re hungry, you are tired, you don’t want to go home and cook, so you decide to stop and get fast food. We all have found ourselves in this same situation many times a week, if not daily. This scenario has led to a growing epidemic of overweight persons in our society. This is what David Zinczenko explains in his essay, “Don’t Blame the Eater.” It is a no holds barred look at how the fast food industry has led to the overwhelming rate of obesity in our society.
Zinczenko finds himself in this same situation that many people do—whether young or old, single or family. They are faced with an easy alternative to cooking, and an easy cheap meal. Zinczenko was a teenager eating fast food daily, even multiple times a day… “Lunch and dinner, for me, was a daily choice between McDonald’s, Taco Bell, Kentucky Fried Chicken, or Pizza Hut.” (1) Eating fast food for almost every meal caused Zinczenko to gain a large amount of weight… “By age 15, I had packed 212 pounds of torpid teenage tallow on my once lanky 5-foot-10 frame.” (2) Zinczenko’s saving grace was the fact that while in college, he has joined the Navy Reserves and had learned to properly manage his diet and exercise. Other teenagers are not as lucky and are likely to face a life time of weight issues and health issues related to being overweight.
While it may not be an absolute fact that the health-related issues teenagers are facing are related directly to their eating of fast food, the theory does stand to reason that it is a possibility due to the circumstantial evidence. According to Zinczenko, “Before 1994, diabetes in children was generally caused by a genetic disorder—only about 5 percent of childhood cases were obesity-related, or Type 2, diabetes. Today, according to the National Institutes of Health, Type 2 diabetes accounts for at least 30 percent of all new childhood cases of diabetes in this country.” (4) Zinczenko continues with his theory that due to the lack of healthier food options at fast food restaurants, and the lack of accurate nutritional labeling of these foods, people are struggling with making informative decisions while trying to eat fast food.
The restaurant industry is marketing to children and making these fast food meals look appealing compared to the healthier food options. Then they are also hiking the prices of healthier items like salads, fruits, etc., and also making their food nutrition labels to be a bit misleading. Zinczenko uses and example of a chicken salad… “one company’s Web site lists its chicken salad as containing 150 calories; the almonds and noodles that come with it (an additional 190 calories) are listed separately. Add a serving of the 280-calorie dressing, and you’ve got a healthy lunch alternative that comes in at 620 calories.” (5) Now while this may seem like a healthy alternative to a burger and fries, this is where the misleading labels change this entire scenario. “Read the small print on the back of the dressing packet and you’ll realize it actually contains 2.5 servings. If you pour what you’ve been served, you’re suddenly up around 1,040 calories, which is half of the government’s recommended daily calorie intake. And that doesn’t take into account that 450-calorie super-size Coke.” (6) The restaurant industry takes advantage of this misconceptions, charges you more for the “healthy” alternative, and your actually just as bad off as if you had eaten the burger and fries.
I completely understand Zinczenko’s point of view on this out of control phenomenon. I know there have been many times where I have been short on time, or just exhausted, and have chosen to pick up fast food on the way home for family. I have been through those time where I can tell I have put on a few pounds from eating out too much and making the wrong food choices. The fast food industry makes it easy, this is the sad reality we face. They are guilty of their advertising tactics being aimed at children and those families short on time. There are starting to feel a bit of pushback from the government and from individuals who are choosing to take legal action toward their unscrupulous advertising tactics.
Is it right to blame the fast food industry for these overweight people and health problems our society is facing? Maybe yes, maybe no. I do feel that they are aware that their practices are wrong, but some of the blame does have to fall on the individual who is purchasing and eating the food. It is only a matter of time until we see where the legal system will draw the proverbial line of blame, until then, we can only educate our children and families on what healthy choices they need to make for a healthier future.
Zinczenko, D. (n.d.). Don’t Blame the Eater. In C. Birkenstein (Author), They Say/I Say: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing (Fourth ed., pp. 245-247).