Beatniks, Hippis, Yippies!, Freaks, “freak out”, “Turn on, tune in, drop out,” revolutionary

ESL 151


D.  Counter Culture

Alternative values:  anti-establishmentarianism, alternative way of life, “do your own thing”

Groups of people:  Beatniks, Hippis, Yippies!, Freaks, “freak out”, “Turn on, tune in, drop out,” revolutionary

Appearance:  long hair, new style of clothing, unisexual clothes, blue jeans, mini-skirt, Twiggy

Alternative life styles:   free love, return to nature, communes, cooperative living (co-ops), collectives, nonmaterialist way of life, hedonistic lifestyle, sexual promiscuity, loud music

Centers of youth culture:  Haight-Ashbury San Francisco; Old Town , Chicago; Lower East Side, NY City


How were young people able to pursue an alternative lifestyle if their elders did not support them?

What are some of the counter culture features of the 1960s, positive and negative, do we still see today?

How do we see some of the features of the sexual revolution in society today?

Have alternative living arrangements like communes and the family continued up to today?

How has counter-culture been used by capitalism or advertising today?



E.  New Consciousness

Consciousness Raising, mysticism

New religions–Eastern Religions: Buddhism, Zen Buddhism, Hinduism, Hare Krishna, Jesus Freaks, religious cults, meditation, transcendental meditation

Old Religion—Billy Graham, Vatican Council II

Drug culture—marijuana, psychedelic drugs, hallucinogens, LSD, peyote

Timothy Leary, Ken Kesey, Allen Ginsburg, Ram Dass

Psychedelic art and music: Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, Beatles

Cult leaders and criminals: Jim Jones, Charles Manson, Zodiac killer, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Hell’s Angels


Did Americans actually convert to the new religions of were they just influenced by them?

Did the drugs in the 1960s produce a real higher state of consciousness?

Was the introduction of new drugs any different then the culture of smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol?

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