Baumeister and Leary (1995) argued that we have a fundamental motivation…

Context: Baumeister and Leary (1995) argued that we have a fundamental motivation to form and maintain positive relationships. So fundamental is the need to belong that deprivation of belongingness is associated with undesirable psychological consequences such as the experience of loneliness. Since the publication of Baumeister and Leary’s (1995) seminal paper, we have seen the proliferation of smartphones and online social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. Online social networking offers an unprecedented opportunity to easily connect with many others, and so might satisfy belongingness needs and reduce loneliness. But perhaps online relationships are an inadequate substitute for the real thing. Essay Question: Critically evaluate the statement that ‘using online social networking sites reduces loneliness.’ Starter References Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The Document Preview:

PSY234 Essay 2018 Assessment: 35% Length: 1500 words Due date: Monday 30 April (Week 8) before 5pm (see PSY234 Unit Guide for more information) Context: Baumeister and Leary (1995) argued that we have a fundamental motivation to form and maintain positive relationships. So fundamental is the need to belong that deprivation of belongingness is associated with undesirable psychological consequences such as the experience of loneliness. Since the publication of Baumeister and Leary’s (1995) seminal paper, we have seen the proliferation of smartphones and online social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. Online social networking offers an unprecedented opportunity to easily connect with many others, and so might satisfy belongingness needs and reduce loneliness. But perhaps online relationships are an inadequate substitute for the real thing. Essay Question: Critically evaluate the statement that ‘using online social networking sites reduces loneliness.’ Starter References Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497-529. Sheldon, K. M., Abad, N., Hinsch, C. (2011). A two-process view of Facebook use and relatedness need-satisfaction: Disconnection drives use, and connection rewards it. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 766–775. (You will need to go beyond these starter references. How many references do you need? You need as many as it takes to address the topic within an essay of 1500 words.) Essay writing guides: As PSY234 is a second year unit, it is expected that you know how to write an essay. However, if you still require guidance you might like to consult any of the many texts available in the library on writing in psychology. Some of these include: Bell, P. & Staines, P. (2001). Logical Psych: Reasoning, explanation & writing in Psychology. NSW: UNSW…