Description Performance of Islamic Banks versus Conventional Banks A considerable number of empirical studies have compared the performance of Islamic and conventional banks (Al-Tamimi & Hussein, 2010), Ahmed and Khababa (1999), Darayseh and Chazi (2018), Akguc and Al Rahahleh (2018), Saquib and Kalra (2015), and Johnes, Izzeldin, & Pappas (2014).Most of these papers use objective measures to evaluate bank performance, but only a very few papers address theoretical issues Darayseh and Chazi (2018) , Aand Ahmed, & Khababa, (1999). Only limited research was conducted to specifically analyze the effects of Islamic principles on performance in the banking sector. Following the advice of your advisor, begin here by saying how many papers in your review relate to this topic. Say how many were about measuring performance; how many were about explaining differences in performance; how many concluded that there were no differences in performance; how many said there were differences in performance. How many different countries were studied? I found eight papers that that have been explained the performance of Islamic banking sector and some of them compare to other banks. One article was found about measuring performance while two articles were found that indicated the Islamic bank has no differences in performance and the both banks work complement to each others with purl gross the efficiency. There were According to a paper by (Al-Tamimi & Hussein, 2010), the majority of customers (where? And how did they obtain this information?) prefer dealing with Islamic banks rather than conventional banks. The reason given for their preference is the high performance of Islamic banks. The researchers used two dependent variables to evaluate bank performance using two measures of profitability: Return on Assets (ROA) and Return on Equity (ROE). This study indicated that different factors had greater influence on the performance of the two different kinds of banks. For instance, liquidity and concentration were the largest influences on the performance of conventional banks, while cost and number of branches were more important factors in the performance of Islamic banks. Ahmed and Khababa (1999) stated that the effective of commercial banks in the economic development in Saudi Araba. They have conducted an empirical study of 11 commercial banks in Saudi Arabia to assess the financial performance (in terms of profitability) of conventional banks. They used three models in order to identify the major variables that affected a bank’s profitability. They found that business risk and bank size ware the main variables that influenced performance. Was there any comparison made with Islamic banks? If not, why include this article? Darayseh and Chazi (2018) investigated the risks of the banking system that affect the performance of the banking in GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council). the agency theory and financial model have been used because of the diverse results – NOT A SUFFICIENT REASON. They found financial and macroeconomic ________________ ???? were important to determine the bank performance. Again, you need to find out if they have anything to say about Islamic banks in particular. All articles in this section should present some type of comparison of Islamic and conventional banks, because that is the title of this section.
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